Table 5.2 contains a classification of non-energy Threats, some examples of which are given here.
|Case||Non-energy Threat type||Outcome process involves..|
|A bank was fined after one of its precious metals traders manipulated the price of gold in order to save the bank making a payment to a customer||Influences of people: action with unintended effects||Detection of manipulation by the regulator. Decision to prosecute.|
|An electricity retailer faces payouts of millions after it was discovered it had systematically provided incorrect advice to customers leading to higher than necessary charges.||Influences of people: action with unintended effects||Detection of the error by the regulator. Decision to penalise the retailer.|
|Navy ships sailed into the waters of another state several times apparently due to the incorrect calculation of their position.||Influences of people: action with unintended effects||Recognition of boundary crossing by the affected State. Diplomatic complaint.|
|Many months after an election a recount of votes discovered that 1300 votes could not be found. A new election had to be held at a cost of over $10M.||Failures of or in the system or process: of something expected to happen||Detection resulting from recount. Decision to hold a new election.|
|An airline’s operating licence was revoked after it was discovered that its pilots were not operating according to procedures||Failures of or in the system or process||Detection by the regulator and removal of operating licence|